What are the diseases caused by STD?

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a major public health issue, affecting millions of people all over the world. STDs can be passed through sexual contact or skin-to-skin contact with an infected person. While the most common STDs are curable, they can have serious long-term effects on an individual’s health and wellbeing. In this blog, we will explore the diseases caused by STDs.

Common STDs and their Symptoms

Some of the most common STDs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, human papillomavirus (HPV), and genital herpes. These STDs can cause a range of symptoms, including genital pain and itching, discharge from the penis or vagina, and sores or bumps around the genitals. It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms. Left untreated, some of these STDs can lead to serious health conditions.

STDs and Risk Factors

Having unprotected sex is the most common way to contract an STD. Other risk factors include having multiple sexual partners, having sex with someone who has an STD, and sharing needles or other drug paraphernalia. It is important to practice safe sex and get tested regularly.

Complications of STDs

If left untreated, STDs can cause a range of complications. These can include pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can cause infertility, and an increased risk of cervical cancer in women. STDs can also cause complications during pregnancy, including premature delivery and low birth weight. Men and women can also experience increased risk of contracting HIV.


STDs are a serious problem, and it is important to take steps to protect yourself from them. This includes practicing safe sex, getting tested regularly, and seeking medical attention if you experience any symptoms of an STD. By taking these steps, you can help to protect yourself and your partner from the scary reality of STDs.

If you are sexually active, it is important to understand the risks of contracting a sexually transmitted disease (STD). STDs can be caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, and parasites, and can have serious health consequences if left untreated. In this article, we will discuss the various diseases caused by STDs, how they are transmitted, and how to protect yourself from them.

Common STDs and Their Diseases

The most common STDs and the diseases they can cause include:

  • Chlamydia: Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD in the United States. It can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), an infection of the reproductive organs and fallopian tubes. If left untreated, PID can lead to infertility and ectopic pregnancies. Chlamydia can also cause conjunctivitis, an infection of the eye.
  • Gonorrhea: Gonorrhea is another common STD that can cause PID, as well as urethritis and prostatitis, infections of the urinary tract and prostate gland. It can also cause eye infections and can spread to the blood or joints.
  • Syphilis: Syphilis is a serious STD that can cause rashes, sores, and warts. It can also lead to cardiovascular and neurological problems, as well as blindness, if left untreated.
  • Trichomoniasis: Trichomoniasis is an STD caused by a parasite. It can cause pain, itching, and burning during urination. It can also lead to PID and can increase a person's risk of contracting HIV.
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV): HPV is a common STD that can cause genital warts and cervical cancer. It can also lead to other cancers, such as those of the anus, penis, and throat.
  • Hepatitis B: Hepatitis B is a viral infection that can cause liver inflammation and cirrhosis. It can also lead to liver cancer if left untreated.
  • HIV: HIV is a virus that can cause AIDS, a life-threatening condition that weakens the immune system. There is no cure for HIV, but it can be managed with medications.

Transmission and Prevention

STDs can be spread through unprotected sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. You can also contract an STD through sharing needles or coming into contact with an infected person's blood. To protect yourself from STDs, it is important to use condoms, practice safe sex, and get tested regularly.

If you think you may have an STD, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible. Many STDs can be easily treated with antibiotics, but if left untreated, they can cause serious health problems.

Natalie Galaviz

Natalie Galaviz

I'm Natalie Galaviz and I'm passionate about pharmaceuticals. I'm a pharmacist and I'm always looking for ways to improve the health of my patients. I'm always looking for ways to innovate in the pharmaceutical field and help those in need. Being a pharmacist allows me to combine my interest in science with my desire to help people. I enjoy writing about medication, diseases, and supplements to educate the public and encourage a proactive approach to health.